Activity 3: Reaching

Activity 3 is defined in regulations as - 


Activity 3 relates to elbow function and/or shoulder function in both arms. It assesses the ability to raise the upper limbs to chest height, having regard to power, co-ordination and joint mobility in the upper limbs.


The descriptor relating to Activity 3 is -

Cannot raise either arm as if to put something in the top pocket of a coat or jacket.


  • Schedule 3 to the Employment and Support Allowance Regulations 2008 (SI.No.794/2008) (applies to income-related and contributory ESA in a universal credit live service area).
  • Schedule 3 to the Employment and Support Allowance Regulations 2013 (SI.No.379/2013) (applies to contributory ESA in a universal credit full service area).
  • Schedule 7 to the Universal Credit Regulations 2013 (SI.No.376/2013) (applies to universal credit)

See also section of the DWP’s Work Capability Assessment handbook: for healthcare professionals.

Case law

The Upper Tribunal is yet to publish any significant case law in relation to Activity 3.