Activity 16: Chewing or swallowing food or drink
Activity 16 is defined in regulations as -
Chewing or swallowing food or drink.
Activity 16 assesses the effect of physical or mental disability on a person's ability to chew or swallow food or drink. Conditions that might apply include disorders of the head and neck perhaps as a result of extensive surgery for head and neck cancer resulting in significant disruption of normal anatomy, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract resulting in motility problems, or severe disorders of mood resulting in a person being unable to effectively maintain nutrition.
The descriptors relating to Activity 16 are -
- Cannot chew or swallow food or drink;
- Cannot chew or swallow food or drink without repeatedly stopping or experiencing breathlessness or severe discomfort;
- Cannot chew or swallow food or drink without repeatedly receiving regular prompting given by someone else in the claimant's presence; or
- Owing to a severe disorder of mood or behaviour, fails to: (i) chew or swallow food or drink; or (ii) chew or swallow food or drink without regular prompting given by someone else in the claimant's presence.
- Schedule 3 to the Employment and Support Allowance Regulations 2008 (SI.No.794/2008) (applies to income-related and contributory ESA in a universal credit live service area).
- Schedule 3 to the Employment and Support Allowance Regulations 2013 (SI.No.379/2013) (applies to contributory ESA in a universal credit full service area).
- Schedule 7 to the Universal Credit Regulations 2013 (SI.No.376/2013) (applies to universal credit).
See also section 220.127.116.11 of the DWP’s Work Capability Assessment handbook: for healthcare professionals.
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- Use of teeth to chew or swallow food
-  UKUT 615 (AAC)
‘Cannot chew or swallow food or drink’ in ESA descriptors means ‘cannot either chew and swallow food or swallow drink’
-  UKUT 304 (AAC)
- Reported as  AACR 1