Activity 1: Mobilising
Activity 1 is defined in regulations as -
Mobilising unaided by another person with or without a walking stick, manual wheelchair or other aid if such aid is normally or could reasonably be, worn or used.
Activity 1 assesses the ability to move around and to use steps - points are awarded depending on how far a claimant can move safely and repeatedly on level ground without needing to stop - including the use of aids such as a manual wheelchair, crutches or walking stick which are normally or could reasonably be used. The activity also assesses the ability to go up or down two steps without the help of another person.
The descriptors that relate to Activity 1 are -
- Cannot, unaided by another person, either: (i) mobilise more than 50 metres on level ground without stopping in order to avoid significant discomfort or exhaustion; or (ii) repeatedly mobilise 50 metres within a reasonable timescale because of significant discomfort or exhaustion. 15 points
- Cannot, unaided by another person, mount or descend two steps even with the support of a handrail. 9 points
- Cannot, unaided by another person, either: (i) mobilise more than 100 metres on level ground without stopping in order to avoid significant discomfort or exhaustion; or (ii) repeatedly mobilise 100 metres within a reasonable timescale because of significant discomfort or exhaustion. 9 points
- Cannot, unaided by another person, either: (i) mobilise more than 200 metres on level ground without stopping in order to avoid significant discomfort or exhaustion; or (ii) repeatedly mobilise 200 metres within a reasonable timescale because of significant discomfort or exhaustion. 6 points
- None of the above applies. 0 points
- Part 1 of Schedule 2 to the Employment and Support Allowance Regulations 2008 (SI.No.794/2008) (applies to income-related and contributory ESA in a universal credit live service area).
- Part 1 of Schedule 2 to the Employment and Support Allowance Regulations 2013 (SI.No.379/2013) (applies to contributory ESA in a universal credit full service area).
- Part 1 of Schedule 6 to the Universal Credit Regulations 2013 (SI.No.376/2013) (applies to universal credit).
See also section 3.2.2 of the DWP’s Work Capability Assessment handbook: for healthcare professionals.
Commentary: The reported decsion  AACR 5 is made by a three-judge panel and considers many previous conflicting decisions about the factors to be taken into account in assessing whether it is reasonable for a person to use a wheelchair, and sets out guidance to the application of Activity 1 for claimants who do not normally use manual wheelchairs. | Add commentary or suggest an edit.
- Estimates of time taken to cover journeys are relevant when applying the ESA mobilising descriptors
-  UKUT 236 (AAC)
Ability to ‘mobilise’ in ESA prescribed activity 1, must not take account of use of a powered wheelchair
-  UKUT 472 (AAC)
-  AACR 16
Using stairs ‘unaided by another person’ meant without active physical or psychological support in cases before January 2013
-  UKUT 93 (AAC)
- Breathing problems
- Evacuation of the bowel and/or bladder (LCW)
- Foot and leg problems
- Mobilising (LCW)
Assessment of whether claimant is unable to reach toilet quickly is a notional test / need to assess whether claimant is in severe discomfort when mobilising
- [2015 ] UKUT 370 (AAC)
Mobilising with significant discomfort or exhaustion should be disregarded for the purposes of Activity 1
-  UKUT 503 (AAC)
Tribunal erred in not taking account of evidence relating to award of the DLA higher rate mobility component in determining her ESA appeal
-  UKUT 358 (AAC)
Test of whether a claimant can ‘repeatedly mobilise’ is whether s/he can do so on level ground; ‘Access to Work Scheme’ will not normally fund the purchase of a manual wheelchair
-  UKUT 519 (AAC)
- There is no distinction between a pause and a stop for purposes of the ESA ‘mobilising’ descriptors
-  UKUT 471 (AAC)
What factors should be taken into account in assessing whether it is reasonable for a person to use a wheelchair
-  UKUT 308 (AAC)
- Reported as  AACR 5
- CE/327/2013 and CE/509/2013
- Double test of mobilising and mobilising repeatedly / level of ‘risk’ of incontinence
-  UKUT 126 (AAC)
Whether award of DLA mobility component relevant to ESA mobility test / time taken to walk prescribed distance
-  UKUT 117 (AAC)
- Double test of mobilising and mobilising repeatedly
-  UKUT 72 (AAC)
- Ability to ‘repeatedly mobilise….within a reasonable timescale….’ in a work setting
-  UKUT 587 (AAC)
Wrong inferences by tribunal about GP’s evidence; panic attacks can result in altered consciousness; whether wheelchair can be reasonably used to mobilise is more than a purely functional test
-  UKUT 504 (AAC)
Tribunal erred by deciding ESA appeal without considering DLA papers, and not properly assessing whether claimant could use a wheelchair
-  UKUT 447 (AAC)
- Assessing evidence of whether a claimant has limited capability for work-related activity
-  UKUT 118 (AAC)
- Reported as  AACR 32
Use of medical evidence obtained in connection with one benefit in support of claim for a different benefit
-  UKUT 208 (AAC)